Free Markets, Free People

Study claims sulphur pollution responsible for decade long cooling trend

Check out this story from Reuters:

Smoke belching from Asia’s rapidly growing economies is largely responsible for a halt in global warming in the decade after 1998 because of sulphur’s cooling effect, even though greenhouse gas emissions soared, a U.S. study said on Monday.

The paper raised the prospect of more rapid, pent-up climate change when emerging economies eventually crack down on pollution.

World temperatures did not rise from 1998 to 2008, while manmade emissions of carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuel grew by nearly a third, various data show.

The researchers from Boston and Harvard Universities and Finland’s University of Turku said pollution, and specifically sulphur emissions, from coal-fueled growth in Asia was responsible for the cooling effect.

Sulphur allows water drops or aerosols to form, creating hazy clouds which reflect sunlight back into space.

"Anthropogenic activities that warm and cool the planet largely cancel after 1998, which allows natural variables to play a more significant role," the paper said.

Natural cooling effects included a declining solar cycle after 2002, meaning the sun’s output fell.

Oh, wait … "natural cooling effects included a declining solar cycle?" Yeah, much less significant that "smoke belching" from Asia.

What they’re attempting to say here is it is still man who is in command of the atmosphere and climate. Really? If in fact that’s true, and AGW is the most significant problem we face in our future, then it stands to reason that pollution from "coal-fueled growth" is in our best interest, no?

In fact, what they’re describing is the albedo effect which is much more wide-spread than just sulfur pollution. You know – clouds? As I’ve mentioned many times, most of the models don’t consider cloud albedo in their modeling.

Wikipedia has a fairly good description of cloud albedo:

Cloud albedo is an important factor in the global warming effect. Different types of clouds exhibit different reflectivity, theoretically ranging in albedo from a minimum of near 0 to a maximum approaching 0.8. "On any given day, about half of Earth is covered by clouds, which reflect more sunlight than land and water. Clouds keep Earth cool by reflecting sunlight, but they can also serve as blankets to trap warmth."

Albedo and climate in some areas are affected by artificial clouds, such as those created by the contrails of heavy commercial airliner traffic.  A study following the burning of the Kuwaiti oil fields during Iraqi occupation showed that temperatures under the burning oil fires were as much as 10oC colder than temperatures several miles away under clear skies.

Note the final paragraph’s citing of the Kuwaiti oil field fires.  Note where it claims this cooling took place.  Yes, that’s right – only locally.   What the study above is purporting is widely spread coal-fired plants in a few emerging countries are responsible for holding temperatures down globally for a decade.

Do you buy that?

Also note this from Wikipedia:

Aerosols (very fine particles/droplets in the atmosphere) have both direct and indirect effects on the Earth’s radiative balance.

The direct (albedo) effect is generally to cool the planet; the indirect effect (the particles act as cloud condensation nuclei and thereby change cloud properties) is less certain. As per [27] the effects are:

  • Aerosol direct effect. Aerosols directly scatter and absorb radiation. The scattering of radiation causes atmospheric cooling, whereas absorption can cause atmospheric warming.
  • Aerosol indirect effect. Aerosols modify the properties of clouds through a subset of the aerosol population called cloud condensation nuclei. Increased nuclei concentrations lead to increased cloud droplet number concentrations, which in turn leads to increased cloud albedo, increased light scattering and radiative cooling (first indirect effect), but also leads to reduced precipitation efficiency and increased lifetime of the cloud (second indirect effect).

Clouds, however they’re formed, are sort of like the window-shades of the world.  In general, increased cloud cover has a cooling effect (clouds can also trap heat, thereby keeping it warmer at night in an area than another area that doesn’t have cloud cover).  In general, decreased or no cloud cover means warming.   Increased evaporation of the oceans due to increased temperature has a tendency to see more clouds form as the percentage of water vapor rises.  Cooler temps mean less evaporation and thus less cloud formation.  It is a mechanism that is and has been studied for years, but science still doesn’t completely understand the process. 

But you don’t have to be an atmospheric scientist to know it is a critical part of any study of the earth’s climate, but one that has essentially been relegated to the sidelines in the AGW scare, at least till now. 

Finally, note the "oh, yeah, by the way" moment in the article – "declining solar cycle". Tell me – which do you suppose might have more effect – pollution from a couple of emerging countries or a huge burning solar mass that can heat your day up from 69 degrees at 7am to 94 degrees by noon and now showing declining activity?

Yeah, me too.

Oh and one other question – if the AGW crowd is terrified of the increase of global temps, and if they actually believe that we must find a way to allay that, doesn’t it seem that (stipulating this study is actually correct) they should be encouraging the increase in coal-fired plants to offset the effect of the rise in CO2 (again stipulating that CO2 has the effect they claim it has)?

[HT: looker]


Twitter: @McQandO


Tweet about this on TwitterShare on FacebookShare on Google+Share on TumblrShare on StumbleUponShare on RedditPin on PinterestEmail this to someone

14 Responses to Study claims sulphur pollution responsible for decade long cooling trend

  • WUWT noted that aerosols are NOT up over levels a while back…and may be DOWN.
    It’s like we really don’t have working models that can predict climate…or something.

  • I didn’t steal your horse. Besides, it was lame.

  • Now, after all the noise about using the “Clean Air Act” to regulate CO2, we find out that AGW was caused by the “Clean Air Act”

  • Back to the ’70s!  As I recall, the planet was supposed to get cold because of soot and smog.  And then there was nuclear winter, which was supposed to freeze everybody who wasn’t vaporized because of soot and dust in the air.

    So, hurray for air pollution!  It will save us from… um… other air pollution.


    And you have to love how the alarmist leave themselves an out:

    … raised the prospect of more rapid, pent-up climate change when emerging economies eventually crack down on pollution.

    Yeah, yeah!  There will so be global warming eventually!  Just as soon as the Indians and Red Chinese embrace AGW and stop polluting so much!  Then you’ll see some REAL global warming!

    Say… Does this mean that “green” energy such and wind and solar will actually HEAT the planet because they DON’T put soot* into the air?

    It’s all so confusing.  Like Ragspierre suggests, it’s too bad that we haven’t got some sort of reliable model that will tell us how all these things interact.  And, perhaps, even tell us reliably what the weather will be next week.


    (*) Or should I call it “aerosols” because that sounds more official and sciency than “soot” or “smoke”?

    • What they never tell you is the effect of CO2 is not linear but logarithmic. Consequently we are approaching a saturation point where more added CO2 has an ever diminishing effect.

  • You couldn’t create a cloud albedo variable in a model, because the effect is wildly variable depending on the cloud type, altitude, and the type of particles that formed the basis for condensation.  I think the take away from the article is the latter point. While the statement is true that a cloud has a higher albedo effect than the ground beneath it, the significance of that effect is dependent on a multitude of factors.

    • I’ll fix this for you:

      “You couldn’t create a cloud albedo variable in a model”

      Should read:

      “You couldn’t create a simple cloud albedo variable in a model”

      There are no mathematically rigorous physical models of the climate.  That’s the main reason AGW is a fraud.

  • “It has been unclear why global surface temperatures did not rise between 1998 and 2008,” said the study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States.”
    Translation – shoot, our predictions of disaster are start to look silly to even a casual observer – so here’s WHY they didn’t pan out.

    Sulphur aerosols may remain in the atmosphere for several years, meaning their cooling effect will gradually abate once smokestack industries clean up.
    The study echoed a similar explanation for reduced warming between the 1940s and 1970s, blamed on sulphur emissions before Western economies cleaned up largely to combat acid rain.”
    Right, because you know we ONLY started using coal for power and industry after we abandoned….what? to drive our industrial base?   Oh, that’s right, we’ve been using Coal or wood as our primary heat source well before the start of the 1800’s….tsk tsk, how inconvenient….
    And, these guys weren’t born back in the days when occasionally the coal smoke literally saturated cities like London and practically killed the inhabitants during temperature inversions so we’ll just pretend the coal smoke thing is a product of the 2nd World War industrial base ramped up for destructive capacity (and, we’ll ignore the raging firestorms producing smoke/soot/aresols over Europe as cities disappeared under a rain of explosive and incendiaries for 4 or 5 years straight…)

    “Other climate scientists broadly supported Monday’s study, stressing that over longer time periods rising greenhouse gas emissions would over-ride cooling factors.
    “Long term warming will continue unless emissions are reduced,” said Peter Stott, head of climate monitoring at Britain’s Met Office.”

    Suddenly it’s going to change what it’s been doing, and it will go from cooling us to heating us, see, very scientific, and the force of gravity will ‘run out’ and things will start rising instead of falling.
    So, coal will save us until it doesn’t, or, until the current crop of scientific consensus charlatans is old enough to retire and stops feeding off the AGW panic gravy train.  By then no doubt there will be another panic train coming along the track that they can exploit.
    Good lord.

  • A study following the burning of the Kuwaiti oil fields during Iraqi occupation showed that temperatures under the burning oil fires were as much as 10oC colder than temperatures several miles away under clear skies.

    Gee, it’s cooler in the shade than in the direct Sun. Wonder how much that study cost….

    • “Wonder how much that study cost….”
      I sense an opportunity here for a government funded study.

  • If I made a pareto chart of our planet’s temperature, offhand I think the sun would be the number one on that list.
    If I were to investigate global warming, then I would first try to figure out how large the effect of the sun is, relative to anything else. That’s the only way you could tell what effect anything else has, is by removing the sun.
    I assume they already do that. Is that correct?

    • edit: by removing the effects of the sun. Like when its in hot or cold cycles.