UN Security Council votes to sanction Iran Posted by: McQ
on Saturday, December 23, 2006
I have to admit this comes as a bit of a surprise to me as I expected some of the Security Council to resist sanctions, especially under "Chapter 7":
The U.N. Security Council Saturday unanimously approved a resolution that would impose sanctions against Iran for its nuclear program, culminating two months of tough negotiations aimed at getting Tehran to suspend uranium enrichment.
Heading into the session, it was not clear whether there would be unanimous support, with the votes of Russia, China and Qatar in question.
In a final attempt to win Russian support, key European nations circulated a new text of a U.N. resolution late Friday.
On Saturday, Russian President Vladimir Putin called President Bush to discuss the Iran vote, agreeing on the need to move forward with a resolution, said Blain Rethmeier, a spokesman for Bush. The two leaders "stressed the importance of maintaining a unified position on Iran's nuclear program," Rethmeier said.
Russia and China, which both have strong commercial ties to Tehran, have pressed for a step-by-step approach to sanctions. By contrast, the United States has pushed for very tough sanctions, with Britain and France taking a slightly softer view.
The final draft orders all countries to ban the supply of specified materials and technology that could contribute to Iran's nuclear and missile programs. It would also impose an asset freeze on key companies and individuals in the country's nuclear and missile programs named on a U.N. list.
What is a "Chapter 7" resolution? Unlike a Chapter 5 resolution, it is supposedly binding on UN members and, it can also authorize the use of military force if necessary. You'll find a discussion of that here in a previous QandO post.
The resolution authorizes action under Article 41 of Chapter 7 of the U.N. Charter. It allows the Security Council to impose nonmilitary sanctions such as completely or partially severing diplomatic and economic relations, transportation and communications links.
If Iran fails to comply with the resolution, the draft says the council will adopt "further appropriate measures" under Article 41.
Of course, Iran had preemptively responded to any such move by the UN:
Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad reiterated Tuesday that possible Security Council sanctions would not stop Iran from pursuing uranium enrichment, a technology that can be used to produce nuclear fuel for civilian purposes or fuel for a nuclear bomb.
In fact, Ahmadinejad recently declared Iran a "nuclear power".
Next? What, if anything, will the UN do to "impose" the sanctions and make them meaningful?
yeah, bush will pat himself on the back... while Iran thumbs its nose at these meaningless sanctions and continues its work to develop nukes.
since sanctions won’t work (there hasn’t yet been invented a sanction that would force Iran to back down, nor is there a sanction that would effectively cripple their work, nor if there were such a sanction would the Russians and Germans and French actually both vote to impose it and to enforce it), the only reason to have wasted any time pursuing sanctions is as a first step towards the UN authorizing force.
and since we all know the UN security council will NEVER authorize force, if Bush uses the military, he’ll be doing it without the imprimateur of the international community.
all bush has done is waste a couple of years giving Iran more time to develop its nukes and to better protect and disperse its facilities and to ensure that when he ever gets around to acting, he’ll be cast as the pariah ignoring the wishes of the world.
Just like he did with Iraq... what’s the line about history repeating itself, the second time as farce?
More like a foreign policy disaster. Sanctions have never worked.
Don’t you think the world, esp. the MidEast, thinks the US policy towards Iran is absolutely hypocritical? The USA still funds Israel military and we know full well that it has nuclear bombs - a clear violation of the non-prolifiration treaty which the USA signed.
And now we are selling nuclear technology to India? Oh, now there is a bastion of stability and freedom.
Until the world stares down Israel on its nuclear arsenal and its continuous settlement building on Arab land, Iran has every right to defend itself.
Israel started the nuclear race in the MidEast, so let’s address them first to solve the issue once and for all.